This is the first printed edition of Euclid's Elements. Issued in Venice in 1482 by the German printer Erhard Ratdolt, it is also thought to be the first book with a known date of publication to contain printed diagrams, hundreds of which are used to illustrate Euclid's theorems
Title from incipit printed in red on leaf a2 recto
Imprint and date from colophon on leaf r7 verso, which reads in full: Opus elementoru[m] euclidis megarensis in geometria[m] arte[m] Jn id quoq[ue] Campa-ni p[er]spicacissimi Co[m]mentationes finiu[n]t. Erhardus ratdolt Augustensis impressor solertissimus. venetijs impressit. Anno salutis .M.cccc.lxxxij. Octauis. Calen[das] Jun[is]. Lector. Vale
Euclid is the author of the first 13 books, Hypsicles of the 14th while the 15th belongs to the school of Isidorus Milesius
Translated from Arabic into Latin by Adelardus Bathoniensis. The translation of Book 15 is assigned to Gerardus Cremonensis in BSB-Ink
Revision and commentary by Campanus Novariensis
At least seven copies have the dedicatory epistle by Erhard Ratdolt to Giovanni Mocenigo printed in gold in a variant typesetting. Copies are also known with leaves 2-9 in variant typesetting (see GW Anm. 2)
Signatures: a¹⁰ b-r⁸ (a1-a2 unsigned; r8 blank).
Chancery folio; 45 lines per page, plus headline; woodcut partial border on leaf a2 recto and woodcut initials throughout.
Mathematical diagrams throughout. For their execution, see Baldasso
For a stop-press variant, see C. Buhler, A Typographical Error in the Editio Princeps of Euclid, Gutenberg Jahrbuch, 1966, pp. 102-104
BM 15th century
Boston Public Library (Rare Books Department) copy quarterbound in early mottled sheepskin over bevelled wooden boards. Early leather spine label with the title inscribed. Shell-style metal clasps removed by BPL conservators in 2015. Remnant of early sheepskin tie. Early front pastedown of medieval parchment manuscript waste, dated 10 June, 1376, functions as front flyleaf. Two early inscriptions on a2 recto, one of which is dated 1550. At head of a2 recto: Roman numerals N XXCCCIII, under which the name "Euclidus" is inscribed in iron gall ink. Parchment sewing guards in most gatherings. Sheets n3.6 and n4.5 bound out of order and leaves a1 and r8 wanting. Leaf dimensions: 302 x 206 mm. Purchased April, 1916.
No page assertions. No copyright page found. No table-of-contents pages found.